community of writers

Formal SignWriting (FSW) is the cornerstone of the SignPuddle Standard for SignWriting Text

Starting with FSW, the rest of the standard is involved and derived.

Formal SignWriting is...


A sign is written as a word with 2 parts. The first part is for visual display in 2-dimensions based on math. The second part is for sorting in 1-dimension based on history.



All sign languages are supported. Any sign is possible. The writer chooses the spelling.



A small footprint, easy transformations, and fast processing makes Formal SignWriting a powerful choice for representing sign language as text.


SignWriting in an ASCII World

Deaf Perspectives on SignWriting with Adam Frost, Holly Sharer & Jason Nesmith, June 2016

The Sutton SignWriting Project SignWriting 2010 Fonts Formal SignWriting Internet Draft SignWriting Server SignPuddle Online SignMaker